The impacts of climate change on biodiversity in Nigeria
Author(s): Benjamin Anabaraonye, Mercy Amaechi, Ngozi V Okolo, Toyin F Adeniyi and Emma A Nwobu
Abstract: Climate change is a growing threat to biodiversity in Nigeria. Climate change affects individual species and the way they interact with other organisms and their habitats, which alters the structure and function of ecosystems and the goods and services that natural systems provide to society. Understanding the direction and magnitude of ecological responses to climate change allows human communities to better anticipate these changes and adapt as necessary. This study identifies that periodic assessments of current and future climate change impacts on biodiversity are important for developing and updating natural resource management plans and evaluating adaptation actions. It further highlights the great need to understand the ecological dynamics of these climate impacts, to identify hotspots of vulnerability and resilience and to identify management interventions that may assist biosphere resilience to climate change. This study explores novel perspectives on how biodiversity responds to climate change and further presents an up-to-date assessment of climate change impacts on biodiversity in Nigeria and implications for natural resource management.