International Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture Engineering

P-ISSN: 2707-8361, E-ISSN: 2707-837X
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International Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture Engineering

2022, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part A

Critical study along with time cost overrun on smart tunnel construction (USBRL Project) India


Author(s): Sunil Kumar Thappa, Mukesh Pandey, Aditya Sharma, Shashank Gupta and Farhan-Ul-Rahman

Abstract: India is an agricultural country but civil industry helps to solve the biggest problem of unemployment by providing two-square meals to 5 crore people. The entire civil sector has seen the worst time ever in the history. The Covid-19 came as a deadly blow which crippled the civil construction by due sudden and long lockdown. The biggest drawback of construction industry is the delay and cost overrun. This paper is based on the desk study of the civil projects in India to investigate the actual causes of the time and cost overrun. The success of the project is estimated on the basis of Iron triangle. The three sides of the triangle are time, cost and the scope. The projects are driven by the national interest and the profit. It is in the national favour to find out the cost of overrun in time and the cost. The projects are selected in the domain like building construction, irrigation and transportation. The most of the research is conducted on the basis of survey. The vital clues regarding the delay are identified. More than sixty causes for the delay are discussed by one of the research scholar. The finance related issues are the root cause of the delays. Many time the delay in the payment to contractors trigger the delay cycle. Most of the contractors are weak in finance and they are not able to deliver the work as they do not have buffer finance. The telephonic interviews were conducted and a set of questions was sent to different experts of the construction industry. The solution to causes of overrun have been suggested and the risk of time delay and cost escalation can be reduced by putting these suggestions in practice at the different stages of the project implementation. The improper design, wrong estimation, poor planning and implementation, sluggish Supply Chain management, improper choice of technology, low quality machines, inefficient human resources, illegal management of labour, lack of facilities to work-force, strikes, demonstration, theft, natural calamities like Covid-19 Pandemic are some of the factors which cause the delays and cost escalation. The worldwide trend shows the enhancement in the construction of tunnels. The root cause is quick expansion in the road network and railways in mountain region. The tunnel construction is gaining popularity and there are many impediments in the progress. There is a lack of expertise and experience in the Indian companies. Many a time this triggers the ripple of cost escalation and delays. The success of the project depends on the proper selection of the contractors who have ample of experience. The robust planning and estimation of the risk can help to complete the projects in time and within the budget. The chief aim of this paper is to judge the risk involved in the project. The exhaustive literature survey and telephonic interview of the experts has been made the basis of the research. These experts were involved in the Case study of Udhampur-Srinagar –Baramulla _Rail Link (USBRL)

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How to cite this article:
Sunil Kumar Thappa, Mukesh Pandey, Aditya Sharma, Shashank Gupta, Farhan-Ul-Rahman. Critical study along with time cost overrun on smart tunnel construction (USBRL Project) India. Int J Civ Eng Archit Eng 2022;3(1):01-07.
International Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture Engineering